Ledger Drawing, Black Hawk, 1880-81.
Black Hawk (1832-90?) was a Sans Arc Lakota artist of the 19th century who produced a series of seventy-six color drawings around the themes of Lakota life and his spiritual dreams and visions. William Edward Caton, a federal employee at the Cheyenne Indian Reservation, paid him fifty cents per drawing for the collection. Historians believe that Black Hawk died in the Wounded Knee Massacre at the age of fifty-eight.