The Ghent altarpiece also known as Adoration of the Mystic Lamb or The Lamb of God. Hubert and Jan Van Eyck. 1432. Cathedral of Saint Bavo. Ghent, Belgium.
The job of the artist is to deepen the mystery.
Francis Bacon (1561 - 1626), English lawyer and philosopher
The work of psychiatrists Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung provided ground - breaking insights into the interpretation of imaginative, symbolic and dream material. Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939) believed that repressed aggression and sexuality are at the root of human behavior. In his therapeutic practice, he explored dream material for insights into these unconscious drives and their effect on human behavior. Carl G. Jung (1875 - 1961), a protege of Freud, disputed his mentor's premise of aggression and sexuality as the sole motivating forces behind human behavior. His areas of research broadened to include not only dream material, but art, mythology, religion and philosophy. His major contributions to the field of psychoanalysis are the Jungian archetypes and the concepts of synchronicity and the collective unconscious.
The work of both Freud and Jung was particularly influential to the development of Symbolism, a multi - disciplinary arts movement, most active in the late nineteenth century. The Symbolist movement rejected naturalism and realism in favor of spirituality, the imagination and dreams.